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tofel写作中非常管用的技巧
    
  采用不同的句子开头是使句子多样化的手段之一。我们造句及写作的时候不应该总是用 “subject-verb-object” 的结构顺序,而应该尽量用不同的方式展开一个句子。不同的句子开头既可以美化句子,同时也能使句子与句子之间自然过度,衔接自然,以免过于依靠过渡词。在 TWE 考试中主考官对句子结构的多样化也非常的重视,看看常见的句子开头的方法!

  句子的开头可以采用以下的任何一种方式:

  1 用副词开头,常见的情形有:

  (1)副词修饰全句

Luckily,he didn’t know my phone number;otherwise,he would bother me.

Incredibly,Helena got straight A in her school report this semester.

Interestingly,cats and dogs can hardly get along well in a house.

  修饰全句常用的副词有:

obviously undoubtedly

apparetly fortunately

clearly unfortunately

incredibly luckily

unluckily surprisingly

frighteningly

  这些副词大多数表示说话人对全句的看法,在意思上相等与 “It is ... 形容词 that ...” 。

eg:

Obviously,he is nervous about the test.

=It is obvious that he is nervous about the test.

Unfortunately,he tripped over and fell in the mud.

=It is unfortunate that he tripped over and fell in the mud.(2) 夸大副词

Hurriedly, the man drew me a scratch map to show me the direction.

Dangerously, the drunkard sped down the street.

Slowly and gently, snowflakes were drifting down from the sky.

  (3) 副词表示某一地域或某一领域

Geographically, Canada is the biggest country in the world.

Financially, she is independent, but emotionally she is dependent.

  2. 用插进语开头,表示说话人的态度,或使句子的意思更加正确:

Strangely enough, Jennifer does not enjoy sunshine and beach.

Generally speaking, winter in Vancouver is gloomy.

  类似的插进语有:

no wonder no doubt

in other words in my opinion

in conclusion in fact

as a matter of fact

  3. 用形容词、并列形容词或形容词短语开头,修饰句子的主语,表示主语的特征或状态:

Frantic, the young mother rushed out the door with the baby in her arms.

Tasty and crisp,potato chip are a favorite snack for both children and adults.

Happy at his good marks at school, the little boy skipped on his way home.

Desperete and hopeless, the poor man committed suicide.

  4. 用分词、分词短语开头:

  (a) 修饰句子主语,表示主语所处的状态或主语同时进行的另一个较谓语动词次要的动作:

Scared, the girl moved timidly and cautiously into the dark room.( 状态)

Cgased by my dear pet cat, the mouse dashed into a snall hole.( 状态 )

Spoiled by his parents, the naughty boy always insists on things he wants.( 状态)

Puffing and hugging, he finished his run.( 另一动作)

Looking at herself in the mirror, she fingered her silk scarf on her shoulder.( 另一动作)

  (b) 修饰谓语动词,表示原因、时间等

Lying down on the couch, he felt much relaxed.( 时间)

Feeling bored, she turned on the TV and switched from channel to channel.( 原因)

Wanting to find out the business hour,she called the store.( 原因)

Having completed the form, dhe mailed it out immediately.( 时间)

  5. 用介词短语开头,表示句子谓语动词发生的时间、地点、方式、原因、条件等:

On seeing him approach, the girl immediately turned her face to a shop window pretending to look at something there.( 时间)

Around the corner, a crowd gathered.( 地点)

Unlike his father, Peter touches neither cigarettes nor alcohol.( 方式)

Due to the limit of seats, he was not accepted.( 原因)

In case of fire, use the stairways.( 条件)

  6. 动词不定式开头,夸大谓语动词动作的目的:

To celebrate the arrival of the Millennium, we held a grand party in the hotel.

To show my trust om him, I deposited $ 10,000 into his bank account.

  7. 用独立分词短语开头,使句子有正式的味道:

Birds singing in the tree, another routine day starts.

Sea gulls flying over the water, the old fisherman flung his fishing meat into the open sea.

A dog following them, the police searched every suspect.

  8. 用过渡句开头,表示此句与上下句的关系:

Consequently, I slowed down to avoid a fine ticket.

In fact, she was a kindhearted woman.

  9. 用同位语开头,表示主句位于动词发生的时间、地点、原因、方式、条件等:

A signing officer of the bank, Jane signs her name hundreds of times each day at work.

A TV addict, Jim watches TV movies one after another every evening until after midnight.


  10. 用副词从句开头,表示主句谓语动词发生的时间、地点、原因、方式、条件等:

When you are in need of help, give me a call.

Wherever you go, I follow.

Since your childen love hamburgers and fries, we might as well eat in MacDonald.

As if it were summer,everybody wear shorts and a T-shirt.

In case that you get lost, call me at this number.

  11. 用名词从句开头,作整句的主语:

Whether you take the position or not makes great difference to me.

Why I am unhappy is something I can’t explain.

What they should do about the hole in the roof is their most pressing problem.

  以下是托福TOEFL短文写作中使用率最高、覆盖面最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根据自己的情况选择其中的1-2个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用。

  1、表示原因

  1)There are three reasons for this.

  2)The reasons for this are as follows.

  3)The reason for this is obvious.

  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.

  5)The reason for this is that...

  例如: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid,and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

  2、表示好处

  1)It has the following advantages.

  2)It does us a lot of good.

  3)It benefits us quite a lot.

  4)It is beneficial to us.

  5)It is of great benefit to us.

  例如: Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  3、表示坏处

  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.

  2)It does us much harm.

  3)It is harmfulto us.

  例如:However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.

  4、表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient,possible)for sb.to do sth.

  2)We think it necessary to do sth.

  3)It plays an important role in our life.

  例如: Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon,computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

  5、表示措施

  1)We should take some effective measures.

  2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.

  3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.

  4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.

  例如:The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.

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    时间:2011年01月12日 17:41:49 来源:考试大 作者: 上一篇:TOEFL作文实例解析:建一个社区贸易中心 下一篇:考生必读:托福(TOEFL)写作考前必须熟悉的技巧  (电脑版  手机版)
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